VACCINATION DATA SHEET
1.) How many children in the U.S.? 
In 2011, there were 73.9 million children in the U.S.
• Breakdown: 0-5 years (24.3 million), 6-11 years (24.6 million), and 12-17 years (25.1 million)
2.) How many children in the U.S. were vaccinated?
• In 2011 at least 90% of children from 19-35 months were vaccinated.
3.) How many children received vaccine exemptions by state?
• Washington State had the largest percentage of kindergardeners who enrolled with vaccine exemptions: 6.2% / 5,015 children
• California had the highest number of kindergardeners who enrolled with vaccine exemptions: 2.2% / 11,278 children
• Also high number exemption states:
Illinois 4.3% / 7,155 children
Oregon 5.4% / 2,416 children
• Lowest number exemption states:
Mississippi 0.0% / 12 children
New York 0.6% / 1,426 children
4.) How many children are there in U.S. and how many are unvaccinated.
• According to CDC, number of children who not vaccinated in 2011 is less than 1%. But the article is talking about children between 0-2 years old. In 2011 there were 24,300,000 million children in the U.S. So less than 93,000 children between 0-2 were not vaccinated at all. 
• 3 out of every 1000 children were not vaccinated in 2004, according to The National Network for Immunization Information. (results of a telephone survey)
(The sites I've seen have hesitated to give a specific number.)
• In 2004 there were 73.3 million children (between 0-17) in the U.S. That means 219,900 children between 0-17 years old were not vaccinated in 2004.
5.) What are the costs of making vaccines? Describe the money trail.
• Researchers found that, on average, physicians received $96.27 per dose from commercial payers to administer Pediarix to children younger than 2. This shot is composed of immunizations against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, hepatitis B and poliomyelitis. When giving the equivalent component vaccines -- DTaP, HepB and IPV -- medical practices earned $119.21, or $22.94 more.
• For children on Medicaid, physicians were given $11.16 to provide Pediarix and $24.58 to give these immunizations separately, or $13.42 less.
• New bill was passed so doctors can bill per vaccine not per injection. When they had to bill per injection, it was a greater incentive for them to administer individual vaccines which require more injections than combination vaccines. 
• The average cost of 1 vaccine shot is $11.51 in administrative costs, not including the cost of the vaccine bought by provider.
• The cost in retail for a physician /provider to purchase the vaccines:
MMR= $52.07 (private sector cost) $37.17 (government cost)
Pediarix= $70.72 (private sector cost) $52.10 (government cost) 
• The vaccine business is growing at a double-digit rate. 60% of vaccine costs are fixed, meaning they require a lot of money regardless of the amount produced. Producing a safe and effective vaccine requires about 12-15 years of research and between $500 million to $1 billion dollars. Since the demand for vaccines is increasingly widespread, a sizable profit to manufacturers is certain.
6.) How many vaccine shots does CDC recommend by the age of 6? (CDC does not use age 5 as the cut-off.)
• By the age of 6, 11 vaccines are recommended, totaling at least 27 shots.
• The 11 vaccines are:
• Hepatitis B, Rotavirus (RV), DTaP, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), Pneumococcal vaccines, Inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV), Influenza, Measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR), Varicella (VAR), Hepatitis A (HepA), Meningococcal conjugate vaccines, quadrivalent (MCV4).
7.) How many vaccine shots does CDC recommend from ages 7-18? (CDC does not use age 7 as the cut-off.)
• 10 vaccines recommended, totaling around 15 shots.
• The 10 vaccines are:
• Tetanus and diphtheria toxoids and acellular pertussis (Tdap), Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines (HPV4 [Gardasil] and HPV2 [Cervarix]), Meningococcal conjugate vaccines, Influenza vaccine, Pneumococcal,Hepatitis A,Hepatitis B, Inactivated poliovirus, Measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR), Varicella (VAR)